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Hitachi, Ltd. has adopted the committee system, which has nominating, audit, and compensation committees.*1 We aim to establish a framework for quick business operations and to realize highly transparent management by separating the responsibilities for management oversight from the execution of business operations. The majority of our Board of Directors are independent outside directors, including non-Japanese. Our goals are to reflect diverse and global viewpoints as well as to reinforce management supervisory functions. We have formulated and published Corporate Governance Guidelines outlining the framework of corporate governance, such as the function and composition of the Board of Directors, qualifications for independent outside directors, and the criteria for assessing the independence of these directors.
The Board of Directors comprises a majority of independent outside directors and includes five non-Japanese directors, two of whom are women. This represents an effort to reflect global, diverse viewpoints in company management, as well as to reinforce management supervisory functions.
In April 2016 we transitioned to a market-driven business structure with three levels—namely, "Front," "Platform," and "Products"—in order to accelerate collaborative creation with customers and develop value-creating innovations through services and products.
Our frontline function businesses include 12 Front business units (BUs) with strengthened capabilities in sales, engineering, and consulting. These BUs target our four focus business domains of "power and energy"; "industry, distribution, and water"; "urban"; and "finance, public, and healthcare." Each will provide innovation as a service to customers in their region, and we will create synergies in each focus domain in order to globally develop our digital-driven Social Innovation Business.
Our Services and Platforms Business Unit offers a shared platform aggregating and integrating technologies essential for advanced services, including artificial intelligence, analytics, and control technologies.
Our product-focused businesses include the companies within the Hitachi Group and our Industrial Products Business Unit. These provide customers and Front BUs with innovative, globally competitive products, parts, and materials, all while pursuing synergies as a Group.
Because BUs are under the direct control of the president, each unit's CEO has investment authority and responsibility for profit and earnings. They work in partnership with other BUs, comprehensively and organically leveraging the resources of the entire Hitachi Group and creating innovations quickly and flexibly in order to provide optimum products and services to customers.
Our business model aims to sustainably create value. Through our Social Innovation Business, we contribute to improving people's quality of life by addressing on an ongoing basis the issues society and our customers face.
To accelerate growth in the global market, Hitachi in April 2015 appointed regional chief executives in the four global regions of the Americas, China, the Asia-Pacific, and EMEA/CIS.*1 In March 2017 the functions of the regional chief executives for the Americas, Asia-Pacific, and EMEA/CIS were revised, and their responsibilities were assumed jointly by the Social Innovation Business Division and the chairman and president of each regionally integrated company.
In the Americas—a market that features world-leading IT innovations—big data analytics are providing new solutions in a variety of industries, including energy. In China, we have brought the direction of our Group operations in line with government initiatives for strengthening infrastructure networks and improving health presented in the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan, and we are also promoting our Social Innovation Business developed for emerging economies.
Social-infrastructure-related demand is very strong in the Asia-Pacific, where the aim is to collaborate with local partners in the region in developing our Social Innovation Business to solve issues common in urban areas. In the EMEA/CIS region, where innovations in manufacturing drive markets, the focus will be on rolling out our Social Innovation Business aimed at increasing efficiency in production and supply chains. In all these regions, the chief executives will act as regional "control towers," developing and building solutions with Hitachi customers to resolve a variety of global issues that are becoming increasingly complex and borderless.
To ensure the reliability of consolidated financial reporting, every company develops and uses control documents ranging from company-level to business process controls based on the guidelines determined by our J-SOX Committee.*1
Business units within Hitachi, Ltd. and major Group companies have developed mechanisms to objectively perform assessments. The J-SOX Committee office collects the results of the assessments performed by each business unit and company, and assesses the effectiveness of internal control across the entire Group.
We are working to further enhance the effectiveness of the internal control exerted through the integrated work of a "tripartite audit" function comprising the Audit Committee; our internal audit sections, principally, the Internal Audit Office; and external auditing firms. Through close communication, the three share information about risks and evaluation of risk responses, secure transparency in the audit process, and improve the effectiveness of internal control systems.
Compensation for each director and executive officer is determined by the Compensation Committee in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act of Japan.
Compensation for directors consists of basic remuneration and a year-end allowance.
A director concurrently serving as an executive officer does not receive any compensation as a director.
Compensation for executive officers consists of basic remuneration, performance-linked compensation, and medium- and long-term incentive compensation. The higher the executive officer position, the higher the proportion of variable pay (the sum of the performance-linked compensation and medium- and long-term incentive compensation, not including basic remuneration as fixed pay) is as a portion of total annual compensation.
The compensation structure for directors and executive officers was re-examined starting with compensation for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2009, and the retirement allowance was abolished. The payment of retirement allowances to directors and executive officers due to the abolition of the retirement allowance system will be in an amount determined by the Compensation Committee at the time of the retirement of a relevant director or executive officer. The amount of compensation for directors and executive officers for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, is as follows:
|Category||Number of persons||Total amount (millions of yen)|
|Directors (independent outside directors)||14*1 (10)||383*2 (308*3)|