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Water distribution control refers to controlling the distribution volume and water pressure of water supply and sewage services, as well as to the technologies that perform such control. The water-pressure gauges and flowmeters installed in the distribution pipe networks are monitored around the clock, and the control valves and water distribution pumps are centrally controlled in accordance with changes in the water usage volume. Thus, the water pressure in the distribution pipes is always adjusted to proper values in order to realize optimum management of water operations.
Water use volume constantly changes under a variety of situations, such as at different time zones of a day, temperatures, seasonal changes, as well as economic conditions and population changes in a region. That is why water distribution control plans are needed for analyzing the ever-changing water use volumes on a real time basis, properly controlling the water pressure, and stably supplying the optimum volume of water in accordance with the situation.
Water distribution control also plays an important role in maintaining and managing water pipes. Water pipes have a problem of water leaks due to aging and damage, but the volume of such leaks can be reduced by suppressing excessive pressure and maintaining proper water pressure.