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Corporate InformationResearch & Development

Major Publication List

Quantum Measurement

Original Papers

A. Tonomura, A. Fukukhara, H. Watanabe and T. Komoda, "Optical Reconstruction of Image from Fraunhofer Electron-Hologram," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 7 (1968): 295.
A. Tonomura, T. Matsuda, J. Endo, H. Todokoro and T. Komoda, "Development of a Field Emission Electron Microscope," J. Electron Microsc. 28 (1979): 1-11.
A. Tonomura, T. Matsuda, J. Endo, T. Arii and K. Mihama, "Direct Observation of Fine Structure of Magnetic Domain Walls by Electron Holography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 44 (1980): 1430-1433.
A. Tonomura, T. Matsuda, R. Suzuki, A. Fukuhara, N. Osakabe, H. Umezaki, J. Endo, K. Shinagawa, Y. Sugita and H. Fujiwara, "Observation of Aharonov-Bohm Effect by Electron Holography," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48 (1982): 1443-1446.
A. Tonomura, T. Matsuda, T. Kawasaki, J. Endo and N. Osakabe, "Sensitivity-Enhanced Electron-Holographic Interferometry and Thickness-Measurement Applications at Atomic Scale," Phys. Rev. Lett. 54 (1985): 60-62.
A. Tonomura, N. Osakabe, T. Matsuda, T. Kawasaki, J. Endo, S. Yano and H. Yamada, "Evidence for Aharonov-Bohm Effect with Magnetic Field Completely Shielded from Electron Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56 (1986): 792-795.
T. Matsuda, S. Hasegawa, M. Igarashi, T. Kobayashi, M. Naito, H. Kajiyama, J. Endo, N. Osakabe, A. Tonomura and R. Aoki, " Magnetic Field Observation of a Single Flux Quantum by Electron-Holographic Interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 62 (1989): 2519-2522.
A. Tonomura, J. Endo, T. Matsuda, T. Kawasaki and H. Ezawa, "Demonstration of Single-Electron Buildup of an Interference Pattern,"Amer. J. Phys. 57 (1989) pp.117-120.
K. Harada, T. Matsuda, J. Bonevich, M. Igarashi, S. Kondo, G. Pozzi, U. Kawabe and A. Tonomura, "Real-time observation of vortex lattices in a superconductor by electron microscopy," Nature 3605 November 1992): 51-53.
K. Harada, T. Matsuda, H. Kasai, J. E. Bonevich, T. Yoshida and A. Tonomura, "Vortex Configuration and Dynamics in Bi2Sr1.8 CaCuOx Thin Film by Lorentz Microscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71 (1993): 3371-3374.
T. Matsuda, K. Harada, H. Kasai, O. Kamimura, and A. Tonomura, "Observation of Dynamic Interaction of Vortices with Pinning Centers by Lorentz Microscopy," Science 271 (8 March 1996): 1393-1395.
K. Harada, O. Kamimura, H. Kasai, T. Matsuda, and A. Tonomura, "Direct Observation of Vortex Dynamics in Superconducting Films with Regular Arrays of Defects," Science 274 (15 November 1996): 1167-1169.
N. Osakabe, H. Kasai, T. Kodama, and A. Tonomura, "Time-Resolved Analysis in Transmission Electron Microscopy and Its Application to the Study of the Dynamics of Vortices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 (1997): 1711-1714.
C. Sow, K. Harada, A. Tonomura, G. Crabtree, and D. G. Grier, "Measurement of the Vortex Pair Interaction Potential in a Type-II Superconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 (1998): 2693-2696.
A. Tonomura, H. Kasai, O. Kamimura, T. Matsuda, K. Harada, J. Shimoyama, K. Kishio, and K. Kitazawa, "Motion of vortices in superconductors," Nature 397 (28 January 1999): 308-309.
T. Kawasaki, T. Yoshida, T. Matsuda, N. Osakabe, A. Tonomura, I. Matsui, and K. Kitazawa, "Fine crystal lattice fringes observed using a transmission electron microscope with 1-Mev coherent electron waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76 (2000): 1342-1344.
A. Tonomura, H. Kasai, O. Kamimura, T. matsuda, K. Harada, Y. Nakayama, J. Shimoyama, K. Kishio, T. Hanaguri, K. Kitazawa, M. Sasase and S. Okayasu, "Observation of individual vortices trapped along columnar defects in high-temperature superconductors," Nature 412 (2001): 620-622.
T. Matsuda, O. Kamimura, H. Kasai, K. Harada, T. Yoshida, T. Akashi, A. Tonomura, Y. Nakayama, J. Shimoyama, K. Kishio, T. Hanaguri and K. Kitazawa, "Oscillating Rows of Vortices in Superconductors," Science 294 (7 December 2001): 2136-2138.
A. Tonomura, K. Kasai, O. Kamimura, T. Matsuda, K. Harada, T. Yoshida, T. Akashi, J. Shimoyama, K. Kishio, T. Hanaguri, K. Kitazawa, T. Masui, S. Tajima, N. Koshizuka, P.L. Gammel, D. Bishop, M. Sasase and S. Okayasu, "Observation of Structures of Chain Vortices Inside Anisotropic High-Tc Superconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88 (2002): 237001.
Y. Togawa, K. Harada, T. Akashi, H. Kasai, T. Matsuda, F. Nori, A. Maeda and A. Tonomura: "Direct observation of rectified motion of vortices in a niobium superconductor", Phys. Rev. Lett. *95,* (2005) 087002-087005.
J. J. Kim, K. Hirata, Y. Ishida, D. Shindo, M. Takahashi, and A. Tonomura: "Magnetic domain observation in writer pole tip for perpendicular recording head by electron holography" Appl. Phys. Lett.92 (2008) 162501-1-162501-3
Y. Murakami, H. Kasai, J. J. Kim, S. Mamishin, D. Shindo, S. Mori and A. Tonomura: "Ferromagnetic domain nucleation and growth in colossal magnetoresistive manganite" Nat. Nanotech. *5*, No. 1 (January 2010) 37-41.
M. Uchida and A. Tonomura: "Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum" Nature *464* No.8904 (1 April 2010) 737-739.


A. Tonomura, "Applications of electron holography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 59 (1987): 637-669.
A. Tonomura, "Electron-holographic interference microscopy," Adv. Phys. 41 (1992): 59-103.
A. Tonomura, "Direct observation of hitherto unobservable quantum phenomena by using electrons," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102 No. 42 (2005): 14952-14959.
F. Nori and A. Tonomura: "Helical spin order on the move" Science *311* (20 JANUARY 2006) 311.
A. Tonomura: "Conveyor belts for magnetic flux quanta" Nature Materials, *5* (April 2006) 257-258
A. Tonomura and F. Nori: "Disturbance without the force" Nature *452* (2008) 298-299.
A. Tonomura and H. Batelaan: "The Aharonov-Bohm effects: Variations on a subtle theme" Physics Today *62* No. 9 (September 2009) 38-43.


M. Peshkin and A. Tonomura. 1989. The Aharonov-Bohm Effect. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
A. Tonomura. 1993. Electron Holography, Heidelberg: Springer.
A. Tonomura. 1998. The Quantum World Unveiled by Electron Waves. Singapore: World Scientific.
A. Tonomura. 1999. Electron Holography, 2nd ed. Heidelberg:Springer.
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