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Corporate InformationInvestor Relations

Hitachi's Corporate Governance Framework and Its Features

[image]Hitachi's Corporate Governance Framework and Its Features

POINT 1  Transparency in Management

We became a company with committees (currently a company with a nominating committee, etc.) in 2003.

We have established the Nominating Committee, the Compensation Committee and the Audit Committee, which are mostly made up of, and are chaired by, independent directors. The system we have in place to ensure transparency in management separates the oversight and execution of management, facilitates the full exercise of supervisory functions and enables discussions and reports to be conducted appropriately within these three committees.

POINT 2  Independence of the Board of Directors

We increased our number of independent directors, including non-Japanese directors, from 2012.

Our Board of Directors, which is chaired by an independent director, has 13 members, including 10 independent directors, two directors who are also serving as executive officers and one director who is not serving as an executive officer. In addition, we have established a system that facilitates the full exercise of supervisory functions by maintaining separation between the oversight and execution of management.

POINT 3  Enhanced Collaboration through Tripartite Audits

Hitachi's Audit Committee and internal audit section collaborate with third-party accounting auditors to strengthen its "Tripartite Auditing," which aims to increase the effectiveness of internal controls.

Administrative Performance of the Board of Directors

The Board of Directors approves basic management policy for the Hitachi Group and supervises the execution of the duties of executive officers and directors in order to sustainably enhance corporate value and the shareholders' common interests. The basic management policy includes the Mid-term Management Plan and annual budget compilation. The Board of Directors focuses on strategic issues related to the basic management policy as well as other items to be resolved that are provided in laws, regulations, the Articles of Incorporation and the Board of Directors Regulations.
Within the Board of Directors, there are three statutory committees–the Nominating Committee, the Audit Committee, and the Compensation Committee – with independent directors accounting for the majority of members of each committee. The Board of Directors meetings were held on nine days during fiscal 2020, and the attendance rate of directors at these meetings was 100%. The attendance rates for each independent director were as shown in the table below. To assist with the duties of the Board of Directors and each committee, staff who are not subject to orders and instructions from executive officers are assigned.

[image]Administrative Performance of the Board of Directors

Description of the Three Committees' Activities

Nominating Committee

The Nominating Committee has the authority to determine proposals submitted to the general meeting of shareholders for the election and dismissal of directors. The Nominating Committee consists of four directors, three of whom are independent directors.
It determines director candidates and holds preliminary hearings concerning the appointment and dismissal of executive officers, including the CEO. In fiscal 2020, the Nominating Committee held meetings on eight days.

Primary Activities

In addition to deciding upon the contents of the proposal made concerning director appointments at the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders, the Nominating Committee set an upper limit on the total term of office for independent directors and reviewed and confirmed the executive officer system implemented in fiscal 2021. In addition, it promoted committee-related activities including discussions and individual interviews aimed at developing candidates for future management and leadership positions.

Audit Committee

The Audit Committee has the authority to audit the execution of duties of directors and executive officers and to decide on proposals submitted to the general meeting of shareholders for the election and dismissal of accounting auditors. The Audit Committee currently consists of six directors, including five independent directors and one standing Audit Committee member. Hiroaki Yoshihara, the chairman of the Audit Committee, has been involved in accounting and other business practices at the KPMG Group for many years and possesses a considerable breadth of knowledge concerning finance and accounting.
In fiscal 2020, the Audit Committee held meetings on 17 days.

Primary Activities

The Audit Committee conducted activities that were focused on its priority matters for consideration, which included the strengthening of collaboration and the facilitation of information sharing under a "Tripartite Audit" (audit by the Audit Committee, internal audit and audit by accounting auditors), and auditing of the establishment and operation of internal control systems from the perspective of risk management and validity of execution of duties. In addition, a standing committee member worked to obtain information as needed in a timely and accurate manner, mainly by collaborating with the Internal Auditing Office, among other departments, and attending important internal meetings such as the Senior Executive Committee, and facilitated information sharing with other committee members.

Compensation Committee

The Compensation Committee has the authority to determine remuneration policies for directors and executive officers and remuneration for individuals (including amounts of remuneration) based on them. Currently composed of five directors, including four independent directors, the committee strives to ensure objectivity, transparency, and fairness in the remuneration determination process.
In addition, the Compensation Committee verifies and reviews details of the process used for determining remuneration for individuals, including assessments concerning basic remuneration amounts, evaluations of progress made toward individual targets, and performance appraisals that are tied to short-term incentive compensation.
In fiscal 2020, the Compensation Committee held meetings on four days.

Primary Activities

The Compensation Committee determined remuneration amounts for individual directors and executive officers in accordance with established policies while verifying and reviewing the processes and results of appraisals for performance and individual targets tied to short-term incentive compensation for executive officers. In addition, the committee reviewed the executive compensation system while giving due consideration to compensation granted to managers at global companies and the goal of sharing value with shareholders, and decided upon policies covering remuneration for directors and executive officers in fiscal 2021.

CEO Appointment, Dismissal, and Succession Plan

Hitachi's Board of Directors decides upon the appointment and dismissal of executive officers, including the CEO, with the goal of constructing an optimal business execution system for management. Decisions regarding the appointment or dismissal of executive officers are based on proposals from the Nominating Committee. As stipulated in our Corporate Governance Guidelines, our basic policy concerning the CEO requires that individuals serving in the position of CEO have extensive experience and achievements in the field of company management. They must also be considered optimally suited for conducting management aimed at achieving Hitachi's goals of continuously raising its corporate value and further serving the common interests of its shareholders. Decisions regarding the appointment or dismissal of the CEO shall be made based on prior deliberations and proposals by the Nominating Committee.
Regarding our CEO Succession Plan, as the speed of change in the management environment accelerates, we are striving to build a system that enables us to appropriately and promptly secure and develop (both internally and globally) necessary management personnel who will provide leadership that will allow us to realize our growth strategies. Accordingly, we are also concentrating on providing training for selected employees while targeting the early development of candidates for future management positions. Moreover, we are developing next-generation leaders capable of acting authoritatively and resolutely by establishing forums where participants can discuss what is necessary for Hitachi's future growth and make recommendations to management.
In addition, we have identified a group of about 50 employees from around the Hitachi Group with next-generation development potential. People in this "Future 50" group are selected on merit, regardless of age, gender, or nationality. They are given challenges to help expand their horizons and build their perspectives, through tough assignments including different types of work, and internal and external training opportunities. The Future 50 group members receive one-on-one mentoring opportunities with independent directors to benefit directly from their extensive business experience and global perspectives. Our aim is to change mindsets so that we can develop people for important positions in the future.

[image]CEO Appointment, Dismissal, and Succession Plan

Director and Executive Officer Compensation

Basic Policy

  • Compensation shall be such that it enables the Company to attract necessary personnel to achieve an improvement in corporate value through global business growth.
  • Compensation shall be commensurate with the roles and responsibilities of each Director and Executive Officer.
  • Compensation for Directors shall be such that it enables them to exercise the functions of supervision of management effectively.
  • Compensation for Executive Officers shall be such that it enables them to contribute to sustained improvement in corporate value through the execution of business and employs an appropriate balance between short-term performance and medium- and long-term performance.
  • The level of compensation shall be determined considering compensation levels at other companies as well as economic and market trends.
  • The Compensation Committee utilizes external experts to gain expert advice and an objective viewpoint, if necessary, for considering the details and amounts of compensation.

Compensation Structure

(1) Directors

Compensation for Directors is basic remuneration as fixed pay. The amount of basic remuneration is decided by adjusting a basic amount to reflect full-time or part-time status, committee membership and position, and travel from place of residence, etc. A Director concurrently serving as an Executive Officer is not paid compensation as a Director.

(2) Executive Officers

Compensation for Executive Officers consists of basic remuneration as fixed pay, and short-term incentive compensation and medium- and long-term incentive compensation as variable pay. The basic amount of basic remuneration, short-term incentive compensation and medium- and long-term incentive compensation is set based on the ratio of 1:1:1 as the standard, taking into account the composition of executive compensation for major global companies, in order to improve corporate value through the growth of global businesses.
The higher position an Executive Officer holds, the higher proportion of variable pay is set to the total annual compensation.
As part of efforts to achieve carbon neutrality at Hitachi business sites (factories and offices) by fiscal 2030, in fiscal 2021, an evaluation system that considers environmental value was introduced into short-term incentive compensation for executive officers. Specifically, targets are set for divisions and operations handled by each executive officer, and performance is evaluated according to the degree of target achievement.
If it is found that an executive officer has been engaged in misconduct during his/her term of office, compensation for such Executive Officer that has been already paid shall be returned to the Company (clawback provision).

Please refer to Compensation to Directors and Executive Officer on P.101 of Annual Securities Report (The 152nd Business Term).

Compensation to Executive Officers (FY2020)

[image]Compensation to Executive Officers (FY2020)

Basic remuneration

Set according to the relevant position by adjusting that amount to reflect financial results and individual performance.

Short-term incentive compensation

The amount of short-term incentive compensation is decided within the range of 0 to 200% of a basic amount set according to the relevant position by adjusting that amount to reflect financial results and individual performance.

[image]Short-term incentive compensation

Medium- and long-term incentive compensation

Shares of restricted stock were introduced in fiscal 2019 as compensation for Japanese executive officers and corporate officers (the executive positions next to Executive Officers) to propel management from a medium- and long-term perspective and to provide incentives to bring about a sustainable increase in enterprise value by further promoting senior management's shared values with shareholders through the holding of shares during their term of office. In fiscal 2020, a restricted stock compensation unit system*1 was introduced as compensation for non- Japanese executive officers and corporate officers. In fiscal 2021, the scope of the restricted stock compensation unit system was expanded to executives at some Group companies.

The shares of restricted stock

  • The restriction on transfer shall be lifted if executive officers resign from all of the positions of the Company's executive officer, director, and corporate officer.
  • With regard to one-half of the granted shares of restricted stock, the number of shares whose transfer restriction is lifted shall be determined after ex-post evaluation. In the ex-post evaluation, the total shareholder return (TSR) of Hitachi stock over the three years from the beginning of the fiscal year when the medium and long-term incentive compensation is granted is compared to growth rate of TOPIX over the same period.

[image]Medium- and long-term incentive compensation