1. 360° Stereo Vision
To realize autonomous driving on city roads, Hitachi Astemo developed a 360° stereo vision prototype with multiple cameras that can sense the entire area around a vehicle in three dimensions (3D).
Conventional stereo vision uses an integrated structure composed of two cameras in parallel with the same field-of-view. The newly developed stereo vision technology combines different field-of-view and non-parallel monocular camera pairs. It uses multiple cameras placed around the vehicle to enable 3D sensing along the entire periphery. Allowing for freedom in camera placement makes it possible to use existing cameras, which keeps system costs down and realizes stereo vision with high precision and high-resolution 3D sensing. The goal is to realize autonomous driving on city roads by accurately measuring the distance to objects such as a vehicle traveling side-by-side in the lane adjacent to the vehicle, a two-wheeled vehicle pulling out of a line of cars to the rear during a traffic jam, and pedestrians or bicycles when turning right or left at an intersection, and applying it to applications for avoiding a collision, for example.
(Hitachi Astemo, Ltd.)