1. Innovation for a Carbon-neutral Society
Addressing wide-ranging issues to achieve prosperous societies within the planetary boundaries is an important element in Hitachi’s Research & Development Group. Its research to address climate change is based on a “forecasting” approach, which focuses on immediate societal issues and their solutions, including the electrification of mobility, the promotion of non-fossil fuels, and the use of digital transformation (DX) to improve energy efficiency. On the other hand, a “backcasting” approach is also employed to focus on a vision of a social system in 2050 to help identify potential long-term opportunity areas, including the hydrogen value chain for achieving carbon neutrality and delivering other innovations for carbon-negative systems.
One example is the multi-grid management technology: it is being developed to address the issue of temporal and spatial mismatches of supply and demand for hydrogen and other renewables, ensuring that clean energy is stable and reasonable. To address the loss of biodiversity, Hitachi also seeks to develop technologies to transform carbon dioxide (CO2) into production materials for food, clothing, and shelter, while building an ecosystem to enable collaborations among universities, national research institutions, and startup companies.